IPA Status Bar

Welcome: Login | Register

-> JavaScript Required:
Javascript not detected to be enabled in your browser. To use this site, you will need to allow javascript for ipasource.com.


Tenor Arias
  

Buffo Tenor

Light Lyric Tenor

Full Lyric Tenor

Charaktertenor

Spinto Tenor

Dramatic Tenor

Return to the Male Arias Home  

    

THE TENOR VOICE

 

The high male voice, in addition to being classified by weight, allows for the consideration of comic ability. The Spieltenor or buffo tenor is a very busy man in the German opera house, singing both small and large roles in opera and operetta. He must have excellent command of the German language and be a flexible, singing-actor. Physically he may not have the leading-character looks or appropriate size, being either too small or too heavy. If the voice is a large instrument capable of dramatic singing, the comic tenor may later move into, the Charaktertenor Fach. The Lyrischertenor must have both the good looks, high notes and stamina to sing a wide variety of literature. The true leading tenor of the German theater is the Jugendlich-Dramatischertenor. This is he American spinto tenor but with a more metallic quality then we are used to hearing in the Italian repertoire lending itself perhaps better to the German literature at least in coloration. The Heldentenor is a rarity with a large voice and baritonal quality, heroic stage presents and excellent German.

 

Those arias most often heard in German Theater auditions are marked with *. Those arias heard in audition but not normally sung by the singer of this Fach in the opera house are given in parenthesis.

 

 

SPIELTENOR/TENORBUFFO (c to b')

Buffo Tenor

 

A smaller, expressive voice and and excellent actor.

 

The comic tenor in the German-speaking countries is a key figure in the opera and operetta. He has much more to do than the so-called comprimario in the American and Italian opera houses. Indeed, many people will include in the category much of what is generally considered the lighter repertoire of Lyrischertenor Fach in this catagory. Language and acting skills are often more important than singing ability. His popular roles include Pedrillo in Die Entführung aus dem Serail, Jacquino in Fidelio, David in Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, and Wenzel in Die verkaufte Braut. In many houses he tenor who sings these roles may also be asked to sing Almaviva or Nemorino. It is quite possible for a young Spieltenor to eventually work into the lighter Lyrischertenor Fach, the deciding factor will be the beauty of the voice and is physical appearance.

Singers: Gerhard Unger, Peter Schreier.

Examples: Gerhard Unger, Der Rosenkavalier;  Peter Schreier, Zar und Zimmerman

Pedrillo

* Die Entflührung aus dem Serail

Frisch zum Kampfe!

David

* Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg

Weisen-Arie

 

 

 

Beppo

Der Bajazzo (I Pagliacci)

Ständchen (O Columbina, il tenero fido Arlecchin)

(Almavia)

Der Barbier von Sevilla

Ecco, ridente in cielo

(Don Ferrando)

Così fan tutte

Un' aura amorosa

Franz

Hoffmanns Erzählungen

Tag und Nacht verteil ich mich

(Nemorino)

Der Liebestrank
(L'elisir d'amore)

Una furtiva lagrima

Mime

Das Rheingold

Wer halfet mir!

Wenzel

Die verkaufte Braut

Ma-mein, Mü-Mütterlein

Georg

Der Waffenschmied

Man wird ja einmal nur geboren

Monostatos

Die Zauberflöte

Alles fühlt der Liebe freuden

      

 

LYRISCHER (HOHER) TENOR (c to c'')

Light Lyric Tenor

 

A supple, flexible voice with a beautiful mellow quality and extended top range.

 

The Fach of Lyrischer Tenor can be often divide into two separate categories: the Lyrischertenor (a tenor leggiero) and the higher Italienischertenor (America's lyric tenor). In contract negotiations however this is most often considered one Fach. Other problems arise with the term Italienischertenor as it is often reserved for the heavier Italian spinto, the German Judendlicher-Heldentenor. The true Lyrischertenor must have a youthful, handsome appearance. His repertoire ranges from Nemorino to Faust and containing all the Mozart and Rossini tenors, the lighter Verdi roles of like the Duke in Rigoletto and Alfredo in La Traviata and Rudolfo in La Bohème as well as a myriad of smaller roles. When the Fach is divided, the Lyrischertenor takes the lighter roles and the Italienischertenor the heavier. The audition aria list has been divided into two parts but should be thought of as a whole as the singer of the Lyrischertenor Fach is often required to sing all of the repertoire listed. For auditioning, choose your repertoire according to the weight of your voice, leaving off either the lighter or heavier works as the case may be.

Singers: Francesco Araiza, Tito Schipa, Bruce Ford, Chris Merritt, Rockwell Blake, Frank Lopardo, and Stanford Olsen 

Example: William Matteuzzi and Francesco Araiza: La Cenerentola

Almavia

* Der Barbier von Sevillia

Ecco, ridente in cielo

Ferrando

* Così tan tutte

Un' aura amorosa

Belmonte

* Die Entführung aus dem Serail

O Wie ängstlich / Ich baue Ganz (Die Baumeisterarie)

Octavio

* Don Giovanni

Dalla sua pace / Il mio tesoro

Nemorino

* Der Liebes Trank
(L'elisire d'amare)

Una furtiva lagrimar

Ernesto

* Don Pasquale

Com'e gentil

Alfredo

* Il Traviata

Trinklied (Libiamo) / De miei bollenti spiriti

Chateauneuf

* Zar und Zimmermann

Lebe wohl, mein flandrisch Mädchen

Tamino

* Die Zauberflöte

Bildnis-arie (Dies Bildnis ist bezaubernt schön)

 

 

 

Don Ramiro

La Cenerentola

Pegno d'amore

Fenton

Die Lustigen Weiber von Windsor

Ständchen (Horch, die Lerche singt im Hain)

Lionel

Martha

Ach, so fromm

  

 

2. ITALIENISCHER TENOR (c - c'')

Full Lyric Tenor

Singers: Alfredo Kraus, Richard Tauber, Fritz Wunderlich, Gosta Winbergh, David Rendall, Anthony Rolfe Johnson, Jose Carreras, Neil Shicoff 

Examples: Fritz Wunderlich, Die Zauberflöte; Nicolai Gedda, Lucia di Lammermoor

Rudolfo

* La Bohème

Che gelida mania

Lenski

* Eugen Onegin

Wohin, wohin seid ihr entschwunden?

(Duke)

* Rigoletto

La donna è mobile / Parmi veder le lagrimi

 

 

 

Steuermann

Der fiegenden Holländer

Steuermannlied

Hoffmann

Hoffmanns Erzählungen

Zusammen sein

Edgardo

Lucia di Lammermoor

Fra poco a me ricovero

Linkerton

Madama Butterfly

Addio florito

Johnson

Das Mädchen aus dem goldenen Westen

Ch'ella mi creda

Des Grieux

Manon

Ah! fuyez douce image

Faust

Margarethe (Faust)

Salut! demeure chaste et pure

Sänger

Der Rosenkavalier

Italienische-arie

 

 

CHARAKTERTENOR (B to b')

Zwischenfach voice with fine characterization ability.

 

This voice type is a product of the German theater tradition. It is large with plenty of metal an capable of clear declamation. The Charaktertenor must have the acting ability of a Spieltenor and often the cutting power of the Heldentenor. Along with a number of smaller roles such as Dr. Cajus in Falstaff, Spalanzani in Hoffmanns Erzählungen, and Gerardo in Gianni Schicchi, The Charaktertenor has the task of portraying Herodes in Salome and Loge in Das Rheingold.

 

 

JUGENDLICHER HELDENTENOR (c' to c'')

Spinto Tenor

 

A metallic voice with noble tenoral quality, that can sing both lyric and dramatic passages.

 

This Fach is the dividing line between the lyric and dramatic tenor voice. It is quite conceivable that someone would sing all the roles of the Lyrischertenor Fach but it is unlikely that anyone would sing both the Lyrischertenor and Jugendlicher-Heldentenor Fächer. The voice demanded is one which has great metal and ring, a secure top and a considerable amount of staying power. This category includes the heavier Italian and French tenor roles of Radames in Aïda, Manrico in Der Troubador, Cavaradossi in Tosca, Don Jose in Carmen, and Canio in I Pagliacci. The key to understanding the color and temperament of the Jugendlicher-Heldentenor is the role of Max in Der Freischütz. Jugendlicher-Heldentenor translates as youthful heroic tenor which is an accurate definition of this Fach as it indicates someone, who, like a good Max may well develop into a Tristan or Florestan. The color of the voice is likely to be more slanted toward the German metallic singing than the Italian sound of the heavy spinto tenor. Both Walther in Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg and Lohengrin belong to this Fach. There must be an implication of a potential God-character to the tenor singing many of these roles.

Singers: Nicolai Gedda, Franco Corelli, Enrico Caruso, Beniamino Gigli, Jussi Bjorling, Giuseppe di Stefano, Carlo Bergonzi, Franco Corelli, and the Americans Jan Peerce and Richard Tucker, Luciano Pavarotti and Placido Domingo. 

Examples: Nicolai Gedda: Oberon; Franco Corelli, Aida

Radames

* Aïda

Celeste Aïda

Canio

* Der Bajazzo (I Pagliacci)

Vesti la guibba

Carlos

* Don Carlos

Io lo vidi

Don Jose

* Carmen

Blumen Arie (Flower Song)

Max

* Der Freischütz

Durch die Wälder

Lohengrin

* Lohengrin

In fernem Land

Walter

* Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg

Preislied (Morgenlicht leutet')/ Am stillen Herd

Cavaradossi

* Tosca

Recondita armonia / E lucevan le stelle

 

 

 

Turiddu

Cavalleria Rusticana

Mamma, quel vino e generoso

Hoffmann

Hoffmanns Erzählungen

Zusammen sein

Erik

Der fliegenden Holländer

Willst jenes Tag's du nicht mehr entsinnen / Cavatina

Alvaro

Die Macht des Schicksals

O, tu che in seno agli angeli

Faust

Margarethe (Faust)

Salut! demure chaste et pure

Riccardo

Ein Maskenball

Di tu se fedele / Ma se m'e forza perderti

Parsifal

Parsifal

Amfortas, die Wunde

Manrico

Der Troubadour

Di quella pira / Ah si, ben mio coll'essere

Calaf

Turandot

Nessun dorma

Hans

Die verkaufte Braut

Wie war's denn möglich

Sigmund

Die Walküre

Winterstürme

 

 

HELDENTENOR (earlier called Tenorbariton) (B to b')

Dramatic Tenor

 

A large metallic voice with a baritonal quality with well developed middle and low registers.

 

Although many tenors of the Jugendlicher-Heldentenor Fach move on to sing the roles of the true Heldentenor, it remains a true specialty Fach that demands an impressive and distinctive dramatic quality with plenty of size and metal and a commanding appearance.  

Singers: Jon Vickers, Lauritz Melchior, Wolfgang Windgassen, James King, Siegfried Jerusalem, Gary Lakes and Ben Heppner.

Examples: Wolfgang Windgassen, Parsifal, Jon Vickers, Fidelio

Canio

* I Pagliacci

Vesti la guibba

Florestan

* Fidelio

Gott! Welch dunkel hier

Siegfried

* Götterdämmerung

Siegfrieds Tod

Lohengrin

* Lohengrin

In fernem Land

Othello

* Othello

Ora e per sempre addio

Siegfried

* Siegfried

Schwert- und Schmiedelieder

 

 

 

Parsifal

Parsifal

Amfortas, die Wunde

Herodes

Salome

Salome, komm, trink Wein mit mir

Tannhäuser

Tannhäuser

Der Tone Lob / Zum Heil den Sündigen zu führen